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Concise Pali-English Dictionary
A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera



  - H -

haṃsa : [m.] a swan.

haṃsati : [haṃs + a] bristles; stands on the end (said of hari; to be glad.

haṃsana : [nt.] bristling.

haṃsapotaka : [m.] a young swan.

haṃsi : [aor. of haṃsati] bristled. || haṃsī (f.), a swan.

haṃseti : [caus. of haṃsati] causes to bristle.

haññati : [han + ya] is killed or destroyed

haññana : [nt.] torture; distress; killing.

haññamāna : [pr.p. of haññati] killing.

haññi : [aor. of haññati] was killed.

haṭṭhatuṭṭha : [adj.] full of mirth.

haṭṭhaloma : [adj.] with bristling hairs.

haṭha : [m.] violence.

hata : [pp. of hanati] killed; injured; destroyed. || haṭa (pp. of harati) carried; taken away.

hatacchedana : [nt.] cutting off the hand.

hatantarāya : [adj.] one who has removed obstacles.

hatabhāva : [m.] the fact of being destroyed.

hatāvakāsa : [(hata + avakāsa), adj.] one who has cut off every occasion of good and evil.

hatāvasesaka : [hata + vasesaka] surviving.

hattha : [m.] the hand; a handle; a cubit. || haṭṭha (pp. of haṃsati), was joyful; was happy; bristling.

hatthaka : [m.] a hand-like thing. (adj.), having hands.

hatthakamma : [nt.] manual labour.

hatthagata : [adj.] come into the possession.

hatthagahaṇa : [nt.] seizing by the hand.

hatthagāha : [m.] seizing by the hand.

hatthacchinna : [adj.] whose hand is cut off.

hatthaccheda : [m.] cutting of the hand.

hatthachedana : [m.] cutting of the hand.

hatthatala : [nt.] the palm of the hand.

hatthatthara : [m.] elephant rug.

hatthapasāraṇa : [nt.] stretching out one's hand.

hatthapāsa : [m.] a hand's length.

hatthavaṭṭaka : [m.] a hand-cart.

hatthavikāra : [m.] motion of the hand.

hatthasāra : [m.] the most valuable thing.

hatthācariya : [m.] elephant trainer.

hatthāpalekhana : [(hattha + apalekhana) adj.] licking the hands after taking meals.

hatthābharaṇa : [(hattha + ābharaṇa) nt.] a bracelet.

hatthāroha : [m.] an elephant driver.

hatthi : the shortened form of hatthī (= an elephant). || hatthī (m.), an elephant.

hatthikantavīṇā : [f.] a lute enticing elephants.

hatthikalabha : the young of an elephant.

hatthikumbha : [m.] the frontal globe of an elephant.

hatthikula : [nt.] elephant species.

hatthikkhandha : [m.] the back of an elephant.

hatthigopaka : [m.] an elephant keeper.

hatthidanta : [m.; nt.] ivory.

hatthidamaka : [m.] elephant tamer.

hatthidamma : [m.] an elephant in training.

hatthināga : [m.] a noble elephant.

hatthinī : [f.] a she-elephant.

hatthipada : [nt.] an elephant's foot or step.

hatthipākāra : [m.] a wall with figures of elephants in relief.

hatthippabhinna : [adj.] a furious elephant.

hatthibandha : [m.] an elephant keeper.

hatthimatta : [adj.] as big as an elephant.

hatthimāraka : [m.] elephant hunter.

hatthimeṇḍa : [m.] an elephant keeper.

hatthiyāna : [nt.] an elephant carriage or a riding elephant.

hatthiyuddha : [nt.] combat of elephants.

hatthirūpaka : [nt.] figure of an elephant.

hatthilaṇḍa : [m.] elephant dung.

hatthiliṅgasakuṇa : [m.] a vulture with a bill like an elephant's trunk.

hatthisālā : [f.] elephant stable.

hatthisippa : [nt.] the knowledge of elephant training.

hatthisoṇḍā : [f.] the trunk of an elephant.

hadati : [v.] defecates.

hadaya : [nt.] the heart.

hadayaṅgama : [adj.] pleasant; charming; agreeable.

hadayanissita : [adj.] connected with the heart.

hadayamaṃsa : [nt.] the flesh of the heart.

hadayavatthu : [nt.] the substance of the heart.

hadayasantāpa : [m.] grief.

hadayassita : [adj.] connected with the heart.

hanati : [han + a] kills; strikes; injures.

hanana : [nt.] killing; striking.

hananta : [pr.p. of hanati] killing.

hanamāna : [pr.p. of hanati] killing.

hani : [aor. of hanati] killed; striked; injured. || hāni (f.), decrease; loss; falling off.

hanitabba : [pt.p. of hanati] should be killed.

hanitu : [inf. of hanati] to kill; to strike.

hanitvā : [abs. of hanati] having killed; having striked; having injured.

hanu : [f.] the jaw.

hanukā : [f.] the jaw.

hanuta : [nt.] thousand; a myriad.

hantabba : [pt.p. of hanati] should be killed.

hanti : [han + a] kills; strikes; injures.

hantu : [m.] one who kills or strikes.

hantu : [inf. of hanati] to kill; to strike.

hantvā : [abs. of hanati] having killed; having striked; having injured.

handa : [an exhortative emphatic particle] well then; now; come along.

hambho : a particle used in addressing equals.

hammiya : [nt.] a long, storied building.

haya : [m.] a horse.

hayapotaka : [m.] a colt.

hayavāhī : [adj.] drawn by horses.

hayānīka : [nt.] a cavalry.

hara : [m.] the God Isvara. || hāra (m.), a string (of pearls, etc.); a necklace.

haraṇa : [nt.] carrying.

haraṇaka : [adj.] carrying; movable.

harati : [har + a] carries; takes away; plunders; steals.

haranta : [pr.p. of harati] carrying; taking away.

haramāna : [pr.p. of harati] carrying; taking away.

harāpita : [pp. of harāpeti] made carry or taken away.

harāpeti : [caus. of harati] makes carry or takes away.

harāpetvā : [abs. of harāpeti] having made carry or taken away.

harāpesi : [aor. of harāpeti] made carry or took away.

harāyati : [deno. from hiri] is ashamed, depressed or vexed; worries.

harāyi : [aor. of harāyati] was ashamed; worried.

harāyitvā : [abs. of harāyati] having worried.

hari : [aor. of harati] carried; took away; plundered; stealed. (m.), the God Vishnu.

hariṇa : [m.] a deer.

harita : [adj.] green; tawny; fresh. (nt.), vegetables; greens.

haritatta : [nt.] greenness; freshness.

haritabba : [pt.p. of harati] should be carried or removed

haritāla : [nt.] yellow orpiment.

haritu : [m.] one who carries away.

haritu : [inf. of harati] to carry; to take away.

harittaca : [adj.] gold-coloured.

haritvā : [abs. of harati] having carried; having taken away.

harissavaṇṇa : [adj.] having a golden hue.

harītaka : [nt.] yellow myrobalan.

harītakī : [f.] yellow myrobalan.

hare : a particle used in addressing inferiors.

hala : [nt.] a plough.

hala : [ind.] enough; why should.

halāhana : [nt.] a deadly poison.

haliddā : [f.] turmeric.

haliddī : [f.] turmeric.

have : [ind.] surely; indeed.

havya : [nt.] an oblation.

hasati : [has + a] smiles; laughs.

hasana : [nt.] laughter.

hasanta : [pr.p. of hasati] smiling; laughing.

hasamāna : [pr.p. of hasati] smiling; laughing.

hasi : [aor. of hasati] smiled; laughed.

hasita : [pp. of hasati] smiled; laughed. (nt.), laughter. || hāsita (pp. of hāseti), made laugh; gladdened.

hasitabba : [pt.p. of hasati] should be smiled.

hasituppāda : [m.] aesthetic faculty.

hasitvā : [abs. of hasati] having smiled.

hasīyati : [v.] is laughed at.

hassa : [nt.] laughter; joke; jest.

: [ind.] alas!

hāṭaka : [nt.] a kind of gold.

hātabba : [pt.p. of hāyati] fit to be avoided or given up.

hātu : [inf. of hāyati] to remove; to give up.

hānabhāgiya : [adj.] conducive to relinquishment.

hāpaka : [adj.] causing decrease or loss; reducing.

hāpana : [nt.] lessening; reduction.

hāpita : [pp. of hāpeti] omitted; neglected; reduced; delayed.

hāpeti : [hā + āpe] omits; neglects; reduces; delays.

hāpetvā : [abs. of hāpeti] having omitted; having reduced.

hāpenta : [pr.p. of hāpeti] omitting; neglecting.

hāpesi : [aor. of hāpeti] omitted; neglected; reduced; delayed.

hāyati : [hā + ya] diminishes; dwindles; wastes away.

hāyana : [nt.] diminution; decay; decrease; a year.

hāyanta : [pr.p. of hāyati] diminishing; dwindling; wasting away.

hāyamāna : [pr.p. of hāyati] diminishing; dwindling; wasting away.

hāyi : [aor. of hāyati] diminished; dwindled; wasted away. || hāyī (adj.), one who gives up or leaves behind.

hāyitvā : [abs. of hāyati] having diminished; having dwindled; having wasted away.

hāraka : [adj.] carrying; removing.

hārikā : [f.] carrying; removing.

hāriya : [adj.] portable; capable of being carried.

hāsa : [m.] laughter; mirth.

hāsakara : [adj.] giving pleasure.

hāsakāla : [m.] time to be joyful.

hāsayamāna : [pr.p. of hāseti] making laugh.

hāseti : [has + e] makes laugh; gladdens.

hāsetvā : [abs. of hāseti] having made laugh; having gladdened.

hāsenta : [pr.p. of hāseti] making laugh.

hāsesi : [aor. of hāseti] made laugh; gladdened.

hi : [ind.] because; indeed.

hiṃsati : [hiṃs + a] hurts; injures; teases.

hiṃsana : [nt.] teasing; injury; hurting. || hiṃsanā (f.) teasing; injury; hurting.

hiṃsanta : [pr.p. of hiṃsati] hurting; injuring.

hiṃsamāna : [pr.p. of hiṃsati] hurting; injuring.

hiṃsā : [f.] teasing; injury; hurting.

hiṃsāpita : [pp. of hiṃsāpeti] caused to hurt or injure.

hiṃsāpeti : [caus. of hiṃsati] causes to hurt or injure.

hiṃsāpetvā : [abs. of hiṃsāpeti] having caused to hurt or injure.

hiṃsāpesi : [aor. of hiṃsāpeti] caused to hurt or injure.

hiṃsi : [aor. of hiṃsati] hurt; injured; teased.

hiṃsita : [pp. of hiṃsati] hurt; injured; teased.

hiṃsitvā : [abs. of hiṃsati] having hurt; having injured; having teased.

hikkā : [f.] hiccup.

hiṅgu : [nt.] the exudation of asafoetida plant.

hiṅgulaka : [nt.] vermilion.

hiṅguli : [f.] vermilion.

hita : [nt.] benefit; blessing; good; welfare. (adj.), useful; beneficial. (m.), a friend.

hitakara : [adj.] doing what is beneficial.

hitāvaha : [(hitā + avaha), adj.] beneficial.

hitesī : [m.] benefactor; desiring another's welfare.

hintāla : [m.] the marshy date palm.

hima : [nt.] snow; ice.

himavantu : [adj.] having snow or ice; the Himalaya mountains.

hiyyo : [adv.] yesterday.

hirañña : [nt.] unwrought gold.

hiraññasuvaṇṇa : [nt.] gold & money.

hiri : [f.] shyness; sense of shame.

hirikopīna : [nt.] that which arouses shyness, i.e. the male or female organ.

hirimantu : [adj.] modest; bashful.

hirīyati : [deno. from hiri] blushes; is shy or ashamed.

hirīyanā : [f.] shyness; sense of shame.

hirottappa : [nt.] shame and fear for sin.

hīna : [pp. of hāyati] diminished; dwindled; wasted away. (adj.), low; inferior; base; despicable.

hīnajacca : [adj.] having a low birth.

hīnaviriya : [adj.] lacking in energy.

hīnādhimuttika : [(hīna + adhimuttika) adj.] having low inclinations.

hīyati : [pass. of hāyati] is decreased or dwindled; decays; is left or given up.

hīyamāna : [pr.p. of hīyati] decaying.

hīyi : [aor. of hīyati] was decayed.

hīyo : [adv.] yesterday.

hīra : [nt.] a splinter; a stripe.

hīraka : [nt.] a splinter; a stripe.

hīlana : [nt.] disdain; contempt. || hīlanā (f.) disdain; contempt.

hīḷayamāna : [pr.p. of hīḷeti] scorning; disdaining.

hīḷita : [pp. of hīḷeti] scorned; disdained; despised.

hīḷeti : [hīḷ + e] scornes; disdains; despises.

hīḷetvā : [abs. of hīḷeti] having scorned; having disdained; having despised.

hīḷesi : [aor. of hīḷeti] scorned; disdained; despised.

huṅkāra : [m.] the sound "hum."

huta : [nt.] the thing sacrificed; an oblation.

hutāsna : [nt.] fire.

hutta : [nt.] sacrifice.

hutvā : [abs. of hoti] having been.

hura : [adj.] in the other world; in another existence.

hurāhura : [ind.] from one place to another.

huveyya : [v.] it may be.

he : [a vocative particle] hey; eh; here; my dear.

heṭṭābhāga : [m.] the lower part.

heṭṭhato : [adv.] from below.

heṭṭhā : [adv.] below; down; underneath.

heṭṭhābhāga : [m.] the lower portion.

heṭṭhāmañce : [adv.] under the bed.

heṭṭhima : [adj.] lower.

heṭhaka : [adj.] one who harasses or troubles.

heṭhanā : [f.] harassing.

heṭhayamāna : [pr.p. of heṭheti] harassing; worrying.

heṭhita : [pp. of heṭheti] harassed; worried; injured.

heṭheti : [heṭh + e] harasses; worries; injures.

heṭhetvā : [abs. of heṭheti] having harassed.

heṭhenta : [pr.p. of heṭheti] harassing; worrying.

heṭhesi : [aor. of heṭheti] harassed; worried; injured.

hetu : [m.] cause; reason; condition.

hetuka : [adj.] connected with a cause.

hetuppabhava : [adj.] arising from a cause.

hetuvāda : [m.] the theory of cause.

hetuso : [ind.] according to the causes.

hema : [nt.] gold.

hemajāla : [nt.] a golden netting.

hemanta : [m.] the winter.

hemantika : [adj.] belonging to the winter; icy cold.

hemavaṇṇa : [adj.] golden coloured.

hemavataka : [adj.] living in the Himalaya.

heraññika : [m.] a goldsmith; a money-changer.

hesā : [f.] the neighing of a horse.

hesārava : [m.] the neighing of a horse.

hehiti : [v.] it will be.

hotabba : [pt.p. of hoti] should be existed.

hoti : [hū + a] to be; exists.

hotu : [inf. of hoti] to exist.

honta : [pr.p. of hoti] existing.

homa : [nt.] oblation.

horā : [f.] hour.

horāpāṭhaka : [m.] an astrologer.

horāyanta : [nt.] any device showing the time; a clock.

horālocana : [nt.] a watch; a clock.


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last updated: 05-05-2003