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Concise Pali-English Dictionary
A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera



  - B -

baka : [m.] a crane; heron.

bakkhitu : [inf. of bhakkhati] to eat; to feed upon.

bajjhati : [pass. of bandhati] is bound or captivated; is caught (in a trap etc.).

battiṃsati : [f.] thirty-two.

badara : [nt.] jujube fruit.

badaramissa : [adj.] mixed with jujube.

badarī : [f.] the jujube tree.

badālatā : [f.] a creeper of sweet taste.

baddha : [pp. of bandhati] bound; trapped; fastened; combined; put together.

baddhañjalika : [adj.] keeping the hands reverently extended.

baddharāva : [m.] the cry of the trapped or caught.

baddhavera : [nt.] contracted enmity. (adj.), having such enmity.

badhira : [adj.] deaf; a person who is deaf.

bandha : [m.] bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment.

bandhati : [bandh + a] binds; combines; unites; ties on; captures; composes.

bandhana : [nt.] bound; fetter; attachment; imprisonment; binding; bondage; something to bind with.

bandhanāgāra : [nt.] a prison.

bandhanāgārika : [m.] a prisoner; prison-keeper.

bandhanīya : [pt.p. of bandhati] should be combined; should be united.

bandhanta : [pr.p. of bandhati] combining; capturing.

bandhava : [m.] kinsman; relative; relation.

bandhāpita : [pp. of bandhāpeti] caused to be bound or fettered.

bandhāpeti : [caus. of bandhati] causes to be bound or fettered.

bandhāpesi : [aor. of bandhāpeti] caused to be bound or fettered.

bandhi : [aor. of bandhati] combined; united.

bandhitabba : [pt.p. of bandhati] should be combined; should be united.

bandhitu : [inf. of bandhati] to combine; to unite; to capture.

bandhitvā : [abs. of bandhati] having combined; having united.

bandhiya : [abs. of bandhati] having combined; having united.

bandhu : [m.] kinsman; relative; relation.

bandhujīvaka : [m.] the China-rose plant.

bandhumantu : [adj.] having relatives; rich in kinsmen.

babbaja : [nt.] the fragrant root of the Andropogon Muricatus.

babbu : [m.] a cat.

babbuka : [m.] a cat.

baraṇaseyyaka : [adj.] made in or coming from Benares.

barihisa : [nt.] Kusa-grass.

bala : [nt.] strength; power; force; an army; military force. || bāla (adj.) young in years; ignorant; foolish. (m.) a child; a fool. bālā (f.) a girl.

balakāya : [m.] an army.

balakoṭṭhaka : [nt.] a stronghold; fortress.

balakkāra : [m.] violence; application of force.

balattha : [m.] a soldier; member of an army. || balaṭṭha (m.) a soldier; member of an army.

balada : [adj.] strength-giving; bestowal of power.

baladāna : [nt.] bestowal of power.

balappatta : [adj.] come into power; grown strong.

balamattā : [f.] a little strength.

balavantu : [adj.] powerful.

balavāhana : [nt.] the soldiers and vehicles.

balākayoni : [f.] a species of crane.

balākā : [f.] a brown crane. || bālaka (m.) a child.

bali : [m.] religious offering; revenue; tax. || balī (adj.) powerful; strong.

balikamma : an oblation.

balikā : [f.] a girl.

balipaṭiggāhaka : [adj.] receiving oblations or revenues.

balipuṭṭha : [m.] a crow.

balivadda : [m.] an ox.

baliharaṇa : [nt.] collecting of taxes.

bavhābādha : [adj.] full of sickness.

bahala : [adj.] thick; dense.

bahalatta : [nt.] thickness.

bahi : [ind.] outer; external; outside.

bahigata : [adj.] gone outside.

bahijana : [m.] outside people.

bahiddhā : [ind.] outside; outer.

bahinagara : [nt.] the outer city or outside the city.

bahinikkhamana : [nt.] going out.

bahu : [adj.] much; many; plenty; abundant. (plu.) many persons. || bāhu (m.) the arm.

bahualīkamma : [nt.] continuous practice; zealous exercise.

bahuka : [adj.] many.

bahukaraṇīya : [adj.] having much to do; busy.

bahukāra : [adj.] of great service; very useful.

bahukicca : [adj.] having much to do; busy.

bahukkhattu : [adv.] many times.

bahujana : [m.] a mass of people.

bahujāgara : [adj.] very wakeful.

bahutara : [adj.] much; more.

bahutta : [nt.] manifoldness; multiplicity.

bahudhana : [adj.] with many riches.

bahudhā : [adv.] in many ways.

bahuppada : [adj.] many-footed; giving much.

bahubbīhi : the Relative Compound.

bahubhaṇda : [adj.] having an abundance of goods.

bahubhāṇī : [adj.] one who speaks much.

bahubhāva : [m.] abundance.

bahumata : [adj.] much esteemed; accepted by many.

bahumāna : [m.] respect; esteem; veneration.

bahumānana : [nt.] respect; esteem; veneration.

bahumānita : [adj.] much esteemed.

bahula : [adj.] abundant; frequent.

bahula : [adv.] mostly; frequently.

bahulatā : [f.] abundance.

bahulatta : [nt.] abundance.

bahulīkata : [pp. of bahulīkaroti] took up seriously; increased. (adj.), practised frequently.

bahulīkamma : [nt.] continuous practice; zealous exercise.

bahulīkaraṇa : [nt.] continuous practice; zealous exercise.

bahulīkari : [aor. of bahulīkaroti] took up seriously; increased.

bahulīkaroti : [bahula + ī + kar + o] takes up seriously; increases.

bahulīkāra : [m.] continuous practice; zealous exercise.

bahullya : [nt.] abundance; luxurious living.

bahuvacana : [nt.] the plural number.

bahuvidha : [adj.] manifold; multiform.

bahuso : [adv.] mostly; frequently; repeatedly.

bahussuta : [adj.] very learned.

bahūpakāra : [adj.] very helpful.

bāṇa : [m.] an arrow.

bāṇadhi : [m.] a quiver.

bādhaka : [adj.] preventing; harassing; obstructing.

bādhakatta : [nt.] the fact of being obstructive.

bādhati : [bādh + a] hinders; obstructs; afflicts; ensnares.

bādhana : [nt.] hindrance; affliction; snaring; catching.

bādhā : [f.] hindrance; prevention.

bādhi : [aor. of bādhati] hindered; obstructed; afflicted; ensnared.

bādhita : [pp. of bādhati] hindered; obstructed; afflicted; ensnared. (pp. of bādheti), oppressed; afflicted; harassed; ensnared; prevented.

bādhitvā : [abs. of bādhati] having hindered; having obstructed; having afflicted; having ensnared.

bādheti : [badh + e] oppresses; afflicts; harasses; ensnares; prevents.

bādhetvā : [abs. of bādheti] having harrassed; having ensnared.

bādhenta : [pr.p. of bādheti] oppressing; afflicting.

bādhesi : [aor. of bādheti] oppressed; afflicted; harassed; ensnared; prevented.

bārasa : [adj.] twelve.

bārāṇasī : [f.] the city of Benares.

bārāṇasīṇaseyyaka : [adj.] made in or coming from Benares.

bālatā : [f.] foolishness.

bālisika : [m.] a fisherman.

bālya : [nt.] childhood; folly.

bāḷha : [adj.] strong; much; excessive.

bāḷha : [adv.] strongly; excessively; very much.

bāvīsati : [f.] twenty-two.

bāhā : [f.] the arm; a post; a handle.

bāhābala : [nt.] power of the arm, i.e. manual labour.

bāhita : [pp. of bāheti] kept away; warded off; removed.

bāhira : [adj.] external; outer; foreign. (nt.), outside.

bāhiraka : [adj.] of another faith; outsider.

bāhirakapabbajjā : [f.] the ascetic life other than that of Buddhist monks.

bāhiratta : [nt.] eternality.

bāhujañña : [adj.] belonging to the public.

bāhulika : [adj.] living in abundance.

bāhulla : [nt.] abundance; luxurious living.

bāhullaya : [nt.] abundance; luxurious living.

bāhusacca : [nt.] great learning.

bāheti : [vah + e] keeps away; wards off; removes.

bāhetvā : [abs. of bāheti] having kept away; having warded off; having removed.

bāhesi : [aor. of bāheti] kept away; warded off; removed.

bidala : [nt.] a split pea or bamboo; a lath.

bindu : [nt.] a drop; a dot; a trifle.

bindumatta : [adj.] as much as a drop.

bindumatta : [adv.] only a drop.

bimba : [nt.] an image; figure; the disk (of the sun or moon). || bimbā (f.) name of the Prince Siddharth's wife.

bimbikā : [f.] the creeper brayonia grandis, which produces red oval fruits.

bimbī : [f.] the creeper brayonia grandis, which produces red oval fruits.

bila : [nt.] a den; a hole; a portion.

bilaṅga : [m.] vinegar.

bilaṅgathālikā : [f.] a kind of torture.

bilaso : [adv.] in portions or heaps.

billa : [m.] the marmelos tree.

biḷāra : [m.] a cat.

biḷārabhastā : [f.] the bellows.

biḷālī : [f.] a she cat; a kind of bulbous plant.

bīja : [nt.] seed; germ; generating element.

bījakosa : [m.] the capsule or seed vessel of flowers; the scrotum.

bījagāma : [m.] seed-kingdom.

bījajāta : [nt.] species of seed.

bījabīja : [nt.] plants propagated by seeds.

bībhacca : [adj.] awful; horrible.

bīraṇa : [nt.] the grass andropogon muricatus, which produces fragrant roots.

bīraṇatthambha : [m.] a bush of the above said grass.

bujjhati : [budh + ya] knows; understands; perceives; is awake.

bujjhana : [nt.] awakening; attaining knowledge.

bujjhanaka : [adj.] intelligent; prudent.

bujjhanta : [pr.p. of bujjhati] knowing; understanding.

bujjhamāna : [pr.p. of bhujjhati] perceiving.

bujjhi : [aor. of bujjhati] knew; understood; perceived.

bujjhitu : [m.] one who awakes or becomes enlightened.

bujjhitvā : [abs. of bujjhati] having known; having understood; having perceived.

buḍḍhatara : [adj.] older.

buddha : [pp. of bujjhati] known; understood; perceived. (m.), one who has attained enlightenment; the Enlightened One. || buḍḍha (adj.) aged; old.

buddhañāṇa : [nt.] the boundless knowledge.

buddhakārakadhamma : [m.] the practices bringing about Buddhahood.

buddhakāla : [m.] the time when a Buddha appears.

buddhakolāhala : [m.] the announcement about coming of a Buddha.

buddhakkhetta : [nt.] the sphere where a Buddha's power exists.

buddhaguṇa : [m.] virtues of a Buddha.

buddhaṅkura : [m.] one who is destined to be a Buddha.

buddhacakkhu : [nt.] the faculty of complete intuition.

buddhatta : [nt.] the state of a Buddha.

buddhantara : [nt.] the interval between the appearance of one Buddha and next.

buddhaputta : [m.] a disciple of a Buddha.

buddhabala : [nt.] the force of a Buddha.

buddhabhāva : [m.] the Buddhahood.

buddhabhūta : [pp.] become enlightened.

buddhabhūmi : [f.] the ground of Buddhahood.

buddhamāmaka : [adj.] devoted or attached to the Buddha.

buddharaṃsi : [f.] rays from the person of the Buddha.

buddharasmi : [f.] rays from the person of the Buddha.

buddhalīḷhā : [f.] grace of a Buddha.

buddhavacana : [nt.] the teaching of the Buddha.

buddhavisaya : [m.] the scope of a Buddha.

buddhaveneyya : [adj.] to be converted by a Buddha.

buddhasāsana : [nt.] the teaching of the Buddha.

buddhānubhāva : [m.] the majestic power of the Buddha.

buddhānussati : [(buddha + anussati), f.] mindfulness upon the Buddha's virtues.

buddhārammaṇa : [adj.] having its foundation in the Buddha.

buddhālambana : [adj.] having its foundation in the Buddha.

buddhi : [f.] a wisdom; intelligence.

buddhimantu : [adj.] wise; intelligent.

buddhisampanna : [adj.] wise; intelligent.

buddhopaṭṭhāka : [(buddha + upaṭṭhāka) adj.] attending the Buddha.

buddhoppāda : [(buddha + uppāda) m.] the age in which a Buddha is born.

budha : [m.] a wise man; the planet mercury.

budhavāra : [m.] Wednesday.

bubbula : [nt.] a bubble.

bubbulaka : [nt.] a bubble.

bubhukkhati : [bhuj + kha; bhu is doubled, the first bh is changed to b and j to k] wishes to eat.

bubhukkhi : [aor. of bubhukkhati] wished to eat.

bubhukkhita : [pp. of bubhukkhati] wished to eat.

beluva : [m.] the tree Aegle Marmelos.

beluvapakka : [nt.] a ripe fruit of Marmelos.

beluvalaṭṭhi : [f.] a young Marmelos tree.

beluvasalāṭuka : [nt.] unripe fruit of Marmelos.

bojjhaṅga : [nt.] a factor of knowledge or wisdom.

bodha : [m.] enlightenment; knowledge.

bodhana : [nt.] enlightenment; knowledge.

bodhanīya : [adj.] capable of being enlightened.

bodhaneyya : [adj.] capable of being enlightened.

bodhi : [f.] supreme knowledge; the tree of wisdom.

bodhiṅgaṇa : [(bodhi + aṅgaṇa) nt.] the courtyard in which a Bo-tree stands.

bodhita : [pp. of bodheti] awakened; enlightened.

bodhipakkhika : [adj.] belonging to enlightenment.

bodhipakkhiya : [adj.] belonging to enlightenment.

bodhipādapa : [m.] the Bo-tree; the Ficus Religiosia.

bodhipūjā : [f.] offerings to a Bo-tree.

bodhimaṇḍa : [m.] the ground under the Bo-tree, where the Buddha sat at the time of His enlightenment.

bodhimaha : [m.] offerings to a Bo-tree.

bodhimūla : [nt.] the foot of the Bo-tree.

bodhirukkha : [m.] the Bo-tree; the Ficus Religiosia.

bodheti : [budh + e] awakens; enlightens.

bodhetu : [m.] one who awakens or enlightens.

bodhetvā : [abs. of bodheti] having awakened; having enlightened.

bodhenta : [pr.p. of bodheti] awakening.

bodhesi : [aor. of bodheti] awakened; enlightened.

bondi : [m.] the body.

byañjana : [nt.] a syllable; a consonant; a sign or mark; curry.

byaggha : [m.] a tiger.

byāpāda : [m.] malevolence.

byāma : [m.] a fathom.

byāmappabhā : [f.] the halo extending around the Buddha.

byūha : [m.] an array of troops; a mass or collection.

bravitu : [v.] let him say.

brahanta : [adj.] vast; lofty; gigantic; immense. (in cpds. it takes the form brahā, just like mahā from mahanta).

brahma : [m.] the Brahma; the Creator.

brahmañña : [nt.] brahmanhood; pure life.

brahmaññatā : [f.] brahmanhood; pure life.

brahmakāyika : [adj.] belonging to the company of Brahmas.

brahmaghosa : [adj.] having a sound similar to that of Brahma.

brahmacariyā : [f.] religious life; complete chastity.

brahmacārī : leading a chaste life.

brahmajacca : [adj.] belonging to the brahman caste.

brahmaṇakaññā : [f.; adj.] Brahman maiden.

brahmadaṇḍa : [m.] a (kind of) punishment by stopping all conversation and communication with one.

brahmadeyya : [nt.] a royal gift.

brahmappatta : [adj.] arrived at the highest state.

brahmabandhu : [m.] a relative of the brahma, i.e. a brahman.

brahmabhūta : [adj.] most excellent.

brahmaloka : [m.] the brahma world.

brahmalokūpaga : [adj.] taking birth in the Brahma-world.

brahmavimāna : [nt.] mansion of a brahma god.

brahmavihāra : [m.] divine state of mind; a name collectively given to mettā, karuṇā, muditā, and upekkhā.

brāhmaṇa : [m.] a man of the Brahman caste.

brāhmaṇavācanaka : [nt.] recitation of Vedas by brahmans.

brāhmaṇavāṭaka : [m.] a place where brahmans assemble.

bruvanta : [pr.p. of brūti] saying; speaking.

bruvitvā : [abs. of brūti] having sayed; having spoken.

brūti : [brū + e] says; speaks.

brūhana : [nt.] development; increment.

brūhita : [pp. of brūheti] increased; developed.

brūheti : [bruk + e] increases; develops.

brūhetu : [m.] one who increase.

brūhetvā : [abs. of brūheti] having increased; having developed.

brūhenta : [pr.p. of brūheti] increasing; developing.

brūhesi : [aor. of brūheti] increased; developed.


bhakkha : [adj.] fit to be eaten; eatable. (nt.), food; prey. (in cpds.), feeding on.

bhakkhaka : [m.] one who eats.

bhakkhati : [bhakkh + a] eats; feeds upon.

bhakkhana : [nt.] eating.

bhakkhi : [aor. of bhakkhati] ate; fed upon.

bhakkhita : [pp. of bhakkhati] eaten; fed upon.

bhakkheti : [bhakkh + e] see bhakkhati.

bhakhitu : [inf. of bhakkhati] to eat; to feed upon.

bhaga : [nt.] luck; fortune; the female organ. || bhāga (m.) a portion; part; share; faction.

bhagandalā : [f.] the fistula.

bhagavantu : [adj.] fortunate. (m.), the Buddha. || bhāgavantu (adj.) sharing in; partaking of.

bhaginī : [f.] sister.

bhagga : [pp. of bhañjati] broken; destroyed.

bhaṅga : [m.] breaking up; dissolution. (nt.), the humped cloth.

bhaṅgakkhaṇa : [m.] the moment of dissolution.

bhaṅgānupassanā : [f.] insight into disruption.

bhacca : [m.] a servant; a dependant. (adj.), to be nourished or brought up.

bhajati : [bhaj + a] associates with; keeps company.

bhajana : [nt.] association with. || bhājana (nt.) association with.

bhajamāna : [pr.p. of bhajati] associating with; keeping company.

bhaji : [aor. of bhajati] associated with; kept company.

bhajita : [pp. of bhajati] associated with; kept company. || bhājita (pp. of bhājeti) divided; distributed.

bhajitabba : [pt.p. of bhajati] should be associated.

bhajitvā : [abs. of bhajati] having associated with; having kept company.

bhajjati : [bhaj + a] roasts; toasts.

bhajjamāna : [pr.p. of bhajjati] roasting; toasting.

bhajji : [aor. of bhajjati] roasted; toasted.

bhajjita : [pp. of bhajjati] roasted; toasted.

bhajjitvā : [abs. of bhajjati] having roasted; having toasted.

bhajjīyati : [pass. of bhajjati] is roasted.

bhañjaka : [adj.] one who breaks or spoils.

bhañjati : [bhañj + a] breaks; destroys.

bhañjana : [nt.] breakage; destruction.

bhañjanaka : [adj.] breaking; destroying.

bhañjanta : [pr.p. of bhañjati] breaking; destroying.

bhañjamāna : [pr.p. of bhañjati] breaking; destroying.

bhañji : [aor. of bhañjati] broke; destroyed.

bhañjita : [pp. of bhañjati] broken; destroyed.

bhañjitvā : [abs. of bhañjati] having broken; having destroyed.

bhaṭasenā : an infantry.

bhaṭṭha : [pp. of bhassati] fallen down; dropped. (pp. of bhajjati), roasted; fallen down; dropped.

bhaṇata : [pp. of bhaṇati] spoke; told; preached.

bhaṇati : [bhaṇ + a] speaks; tells; preaches.

bhaṇanta : [pr.p. of bhaṇati] speaking; telling; preaching.

bhaṇi : [aor. of bhaṇati] spoke; told; preached. || bhāṇī (adj.), speaking; reciting.

bhaṇita : [pp. of bhaṇati] spoken; told; preached. (nt.) that which was spoken.

bhaṇitabba : [pt.p. of bhaṇati] shoud be spoken; should be told.

bhaṇitu : [inf. of bhaṇati] to speak; to tell; to preach.

bhaṇitvā : [abs. of bhaṇati] having spoken; having told.

bhaṇe : [ind.] a term often used for addressing inferiors.

bhaṇḍa : [nt.] good; wares; implements; articles.

bhaṇḍaka : [nt.] good; wares; implements; articles.

bhaṇḍati : [bhaṇḍ + a] quarrels.

bhaṇḍana : [nt.] a quarrel; a dispute.

bhaṇḍāgāra : [nt.] a storehouse or treasury.

bhaṇḍāgārika : [m.] a store keeper or treasurer.

bhaṇḍi : [aor. of bhaṇḍati] quarrelled.

bhaṇḍikā : [f.] a bundle or parcel.

bhaṇḍu : [m.] a person who is shaven.

bhaṇḍukamma : [nt.] shaving.

bhaṇḍeti : [bhaṇḍ + e] quarrel.

bhaṇḍetvā : [abs. of bhaṇḍeti] having quarrelled.

bhaṇḍesi : [aor. of bhaṇḍeti] quarrelled.

bhata : [pp. of bharati] brought up; maintained; reared; born; supported. (m.), a servant. || bhaṭa (m.) a soldier; a constable; a hireling.

bhataka : [m.] a hired servant.

bhati : [f.] wages; fee. || bhāti (bhā + a), shines.

bhatta : [nt.] boiled rice; food; meal.

bhattakāraka : [m.] a cook.

bhattakicca : [nt.] taking of meals.

bhattakilamatha : [m.] drowsiness after a meal.

bhattagāma : [m.] a village giving tribute or service.

bhattagga : [nt.] a refectory.

bhattapuṭa : [nt.] a parcel of food.

bhattavissagga : [m.] serving a meal.

bhatta-vissagga-karaṇatthāya : for taking meals.

bhattavetana : [nt.] food and fees.

bhattavelā : [f.] mealtime.

bhattasammada : [m.] drowsiness after a meal.

bhatti : [f.] devotion; belief; attachment.

bhattika : [adj.] devoted; believing in.

bhattimantu : [adj.] devoted; believing in.

bhattu : [m.] a husband; one who support or brings up.

bhadanta : [adj.] venerable; reverend. (m.) a venerable person.

bhadda : [adj.] august; auspicious; lucky; good. || bhaddā (f.) a well-behaved woman.

bhaddaka : [nt.] a lucky or good thing. (adj.), of good quality; lucky.

bhaddakaccānā : [f.] another name for Rāhula's mother, Yasodharā.

bhaddakumbha : [m.] a full pitcher, (accepted as auspicious).

bhaddaghaṭa : [m.] a vessel used in drawing lots in a lottery.

bhaddanta : [adj.] venerable; reverend. (m.; adj.), venerable person.

bhaddapadā : [f.] name of a constellation.

bhaddapīṭha : [nt.] a rattan chair.

bhaddamukha : [adj.] having a hand-some face; complementary address.

bhaddayuga : [nt.] the best pair.

bhaddāru : [m.] a sort of pine, the deodar tree.

bhaddikā : [f.] a well-behaved woman.

bhadra : [adj.] august; auspicious; lucky; good.

bhanta : [pp. of bhamati] swaying; swerving; revolved; whirled about; roamed.

bhantatta : [nt.] confusion; turmoil.

bhante : [voc. of bhadanta] Reverend Sir; O lord.

bhabba : [adj.] able; capable; fit for.

bhabbatā : [f.] ability; fitness.

bhama : [m.] a revolving thing; a whirl pool; swerving.

bhamakāra : [m.] a turner.

bhamati : [bham + a] revolves; whirls about; roams.

bhamanta : [pr.p. of bhamati] revolving; whirling about; roaming.

bhamara : [m.] a wasp.

bhamarikā : [f.] a humming top.

bhami : [aor. of bhamati] revolved; whirled about; roamed.

bhamitvā : [abs. of bhamati] having revolved; having whirled about; having roamed.

bhamu : [f.] the eyebrow.

bhamukā : [f.] the eyebrow.

bhaya : [nt.] fear; fright.

bhayaṅkara : [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhayadassāvī : [adj.] realising the danger.

bhayadassī : [adj.] realising the danger.

bhaya-bherava : [adj.] appalling and terrible.

bhayānaka : [adj.] frightful; horrible.

bhayāvaha : [adj.] frightful; horrible.

bhara : [adj.] (in cpds.),supporting. mātāpettibhara = one who supports his parents. || bhāra (m.) a weight; load; burden; charge; task; an affair.

bharaṇa : [nt.] maintenance; bearing.

bharati : [bhar + a] bears; supports; maintains.

bhari : [aor. of bharati] bear; supports; maintains.

bharita : [pp. of bharita] filled with; full of; maintained.

bharitvā : [abs. of bharati] having born; having supported.

bhariyā : [f.] the wife. || bhāriya (adj.) weighty; grave; serious.

bhallātaka : [m.] the marking-nut tree.

bhava : [m.] the state of existence. || bhāva (m.) condition; nature; becoming.

bhavagga : [m.] the highest point of existence or of the universe.

bhavaṅga : [nt.] the sub- consciousness.

bhavacakka : [nt.] the wheel of rebirth.

bhavataṇhā : [f.] craving for rebirth.

bhavati : [bhu + a] becomes; to be; exists.

bhavana : [nt.] becoming; a dwelling place. || bhāvanā (f.) increase; development by means of thought; meditation.

bhavanetti : [f.] craving for rebirth.

bhavanta : [pr.p. of bhavati] becoming; existing. (adj.), prosperous; a polite word often used in the place of "you".

bhavantaga : [adj.] gone to the end of existence.

bhavantagū : [adj.] gone to the end of existence.

bhavantara : [nt.] another existence.

bhavamāna : [pr.p. of bhavati] becoming; existing.

bhavasaṃyojana : [nt.] fetter of rebirth.

bhavābhava : [m.] this or that life.

bhavi : [aor. of bhavati] became; existed. || bhāvī (adj.) going to be; inevitable.

bhavitabba : [pt.p. of bhavati] should be existed.

bhavitu : [inf. of bhavati] to become; to exist.

bhavitvā : [abs. of bhavati] having existed.

bhavesanā : [f.] longing for rebirth.

bhavogha : [m.] the flood of rebirth.

bhastā : [f.] the bellows; a leather bag.

bhasma : [nt.] ashes.

bhasmacchanna : [adj.] covered with ashes.

bhassa : [nt.] useless talk.

bhassati : [bhas + ya] falls down; drops; descends.

bhassanta : [pr.p. of bhassati] falling down.

bhassamāna : [pr.p. of bhassati] falling down.

bhassara : [adj.] bright; shining; resplendent.

bhassārāmatā : [f.] attachment to useless talk.

bhassi : [aor. of bhassati] fell down; dropped.

bhassitvā : [abs. of bhassati] having fell dow.

bhā : [f.] the light; splendour.

bhākuṭika : [adj.] knitting the brows; frowning.

bhāgadheya : [nt.] fortune; fate.

bhāgadheyya : [nt.] fortune; fate.

bhāgaso : [adv.] in parts; by portions.

bhāgineyya : [m.] sister's son; nephew. || bhāgineyyā (f.) sister's daughter; niece.

bhāgiya : [adj.] (in cpds.) connected with; conducive to.

bhāgī : [adj.] sharing in; partaking of. (m.) sharer; share-holder.

bhāgīrathī : [f.] the ganges.

bhāgya : [nt.] good luck; fortune.

bhājaka : [m.] one who divides or distribution.

bhājanavikati : [f.] various kinds of dishes or vessels.

bhājīyati : [pass. of bhājeti] is divided or distributed.

bhājetabba : [pt.p. of bhājeti] should be divided; should be distributed.

bhājeti : [bhāj + e] divides; distributes.

bhājetu : [m.] one who divides or distribution.

bhājetvā : [abs. of bhājeti] having divided; having distributed.

bhājenta : [pr.p. of bhājeti] dividing; distributing.

bhājesi : [aor. of bhājeti] divided; distributed.

bhāṇaka : [m.] 1. a reciter of the Scriptures. 2. a big jar.

bhāṇavāra : [m.] a section of the scriptures, containing 8,000 letters.

bhātika : [m.] a brother.

bhātu : [m.] a brother.

bhānu : [m.] 1. light; 2. the sun.

bhānumantu : [adj.] luminous; (m.), the sun.

bhāyati : [bhi + a] is afraid; fears.

bhāyanta : [pr.p. of bhāyati] fearing.

bhāyāpita : [pp. of bhāyāpeti] cuased to frighten.

bhāyāpeti : [caus. of bhāyati] causes to frighten.

bhāyāpetvā : [abs. of bhāyāpeti] having caused to frighte.

bhāyāpesi : [aor. of bhāyāpeti] caused to frighten.

bhāyi : [aor. of bhāyati] feared.

bhāyitabba : [pt.p. of bhāyati] should be afraid.

bhāyitvā : [abs. of bhāyati] having feared.

bhāranikkhepana : [nt.] the laying down of a burden or charge.

bhāramocana : [nt.] deliverance of a burden.

bhāravāhī : [m.] bearing the burden; one who carries an office.

bhārahāra : [m.] burden-bearer; load-carrier.

bhārika : [adj.] loaded; heavy; full of.

bhāvanānuyoga : [m.] application to meditation.

bhāvanāmaya : [adj.] accomplished by meditation.

bhāvanāvidhāna : [nt.] arrangement or process of meditation.

bhāvanīya : [adj.] to be cultivated; to be respected.

bhāvayamāna : [pr.p. of bhāveti] increasing; cultivating; developing.

bhāvita : [pp. of bhāveti] increased; cultivated; developed.

bhāvitatta : [adj.] well-trained; self-composed.

bhāvetabba : [pt.p. of bhāveti] should be cultivated.

bhāveti : [bhū+ e] increases; cultivates; develops.

bhāvetu : [inf. of bhāveti] to increase; to cultivate; to develop.

bhāvetvā : [abs. of bhāveti] having increased; having cultivated; having developed.

bhāventa : [pr.p. of bhāveti] increasing; cultivating; developing.

bhāvesi : [aor. of bhāveti] increased; cultivated; developed.

bhāsati : [bhās + a] says; speaks; shines.

bhāsana : [nt.] speech; saying; talk.

bhāsanta : [pr.p. of bhāsati] saying; speaking; shining.

bhāsantara : [nt.] different language.

bhāsā : [f.] language; dialect.

bhāsi : [aor. of bhāti] shone. (aor. of bhāsati), said; spoke; shone. || bhāsī (m.) one who says or speaks.

bhāsita : [pp. of bhāsati] said; spoken; shone. (nt.), saying.

bhāsitabba : [pt.p of bhāsati] should be said; should be spoken; should be shone

bhāsitu : [m.] one who says or speaks.

bhāsitvā : [abs. of bhāsati] having said; having spoken; having shone.

bhāsura : [adj.] bright; shining.

bhiṃsana : [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhiṃsanaka : [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhikkhaka : [m.] a beggar; mendicant.

bhikkhati : [bhikkh + a] begs alms; asks for.

bhikkhana : [nt.] begging.

bhikkhanta : [pr.p. of bhikkhati] begging alms; asking for.

bhikkhamāna : [pr.p. of bhikkhati] begging alms; asking for.

bhikkhā : [f.] alms; food.

bhikkhācariyā : [f.] going about for alms.

bhikkhācāra : [m.] going about for alms.

bhikkhāhāra : [(bhikkhā + āhāra), m.] food received by a mendicant.

bhikkhi : [aor. of bhikkhati] begged alms; asked for.

bhikkhitvā : [abs. of bhikkhati] having begged alms; having asked for.

bhikkhu : [m.] a Buddhist monk.

bhikkhuṇī : [f.] a Buddhist nun.

bhikkhubhāva : [m.] monkshood.

bhikkhusaṅgha : [m.] congregation of monks.

bhiṅka : [m.] a young elephant.

bhiṅkāra : [m.] a water-jug.

bhiṅsana : [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhiṅsanaka : [adj.] horrible; dreadful; awe-inspiring.

bhijjati : [bhid + ya] is broken or destroyed.

bhijjadhamma : [adj.] brittle; falling into ruin.

bhijjana : [nt.] breaking itself.

bhijjanadhamma : [adj.] brittle; falling into ruin.

bhijjamāna : [pr.p. of bhijjati] breaking; destroying.

bhijji : [aor. of bhijjati] broke; destroyed.

bhijjitvā : [abs. of bhijjati] having broken; having destroyed.

bhitti : [f.] a wall.

bhittipāda : [m.] the foot or foundation of a wall.

bhindati : [bhid + ṃ - a] breaks; splits; severs.

bhindana : [nt.] breaking up.

bhindanta : [pr.p. of bhindati] breaking; splitting; severing.

bhindi : [aor. of bhindati] broke; split; severed.

bhindita : [pp. of bhindati] broken; split; severed.

bhinditu : [inf. of bhindati] to break; to split; to sever.

bhinditvā : [abs. of bhindati] having broken; having split; having severed.

bhinna : [pp. of bhindati] broken; split; severed. (pp. of bhijjati), broken; destroyed.

bhinnatta : [nt.] state of being broken; diversity.

bhinnapaṭa : [nt.] a torn clothe.

bhinnabhāva : [m.] state of being broken; diversity.

bhinnamariyāda : [adj.] gone beyond the limits.

bhinnasīla : [adj.] one who has broken some precepts.

bhinnāva : [adj.] shipwrecked.

bhiyyo : [ind.] exceedingly; more; in a higher degree; repeatedly.

bhiyyoso : [ind.] exceedingly; more; in a higher degree; repeatedly.

bhiyyoso mattāya : exceedingly; more than one's ability.

bhisa : [nt.] the root of lotus plant.

bhisakka : [m.] a physician.

bhisapuppha : [nt.] lotus flower.

bhisamuḷāla : [nt.] lotus bulb and roots.

bhisi : [f.] cushion; a pad; a bolster.

bhīta : [pp. of bhāyati] frightened.

bhīti : [f.] fear.

bhīma : [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhīyoso mattāya : [ind.] still more.

bhīru : [adj.] timid; fearful; cowardly.

bhīruka : [adj.] timid; fearful; cowardly.

bhīruttāna : [nt.] refuge for the fearful.

bhīsana : [adj.] dreadful; horrible.

bhuñjitvā : [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed.

bhuñjiya : [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed.

bhukkaraṇa : [nt.] barking (of a dog).

bhukkāra : [m.] barking (of a dog).

bhuṅkata : [pp. of bhuṅkaroti] barked.

bhuṅkatvā : [abs. of bhuṅkaroti] having barked.

bhuṅkaraṇa : [nt.] barking.

bhuṅkari : [aor. of bhuṅkaroti] barked.

bhuṅkaritvā : [abs. of bhuṅkaroti] having barked.

bhuṅkaroti : [bhuṅ + kar + o] barks.

bhuṅkaronta : [pr.p. of bhuṅkaroti] barking.

bhuṅkāra : [m.] barking (of a dog).

bhuja : [m.] the hand. (adj.), crooked; bending.

bhujaga : [m.] a snake.

bhujaṅga : [m.] a snake.

bhujaṅgama : [m.] a snake.

bhujapatta : [m.] the Bhurja tree, a kind of willow.

bhujissa : [m.] a freeman.

bhuñjaka : [m.] one who eats or enjoys.

bhuñjati : [bhuj + ṃ-a] eats; enjoys.

bhuñjana : [nt.] eating.

bhuñjanakāla : [m.] meal-time.

bhuñjanta : [pr.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñjamāna : [pr.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñji : [aor. of bhuñjati] ate; enjoyed.

bhuñjitabba : [pt.p. of bhuñjati] eating; enjoying.

bhuñjitu : [m.] one who eats or enjoys.

bhuñjitu : [inf. of bhuñjati] to eat; to enjoy.

bhutta : [pp. of bhuñjati] eaten; enjoyed.

bhuttāvī : [adj.] one who has eaten; enjoyed.

bhutvā : [abs. of bhuñjati] having eaten; having enjoyed. || bhūtvā (abs. of bhavati), having existed.

bhumma : [adj.] terrestrial. (in cpds.), having stages or stories.

bhummaṭṭha : [adj.] situated on the earth.

bhummattharaṇa : [nt.] a ground covering; carpet.

bhummantara : [nt.] different stages or planes.

bhusa : [nt.] chaff; husks (of corn). (adj.), much; abundant. || bhūsā (f.) an ornament; decoration.

bhusa : [adv.] exceedingly; frequently.

bhussati : [bhus + ya] barks.

bhussanta : [pr.p. of bhussati] barking.

bhussamāna : [pr.p. of bhussati] barking.

bhussi : [aor. of bhussati] barked.

bhussitvā : [abs. of bhussati] having barked.

bhū : [f.] the earth.

bhūta : [pp. of bhavati] become; existed.

bhūtakāya : [m.] the body, which is produced by elements.

bhūtakāla : [m.] time to reveal one's true nature.

bhūtagāma : [m.] vegetation.

bhūtagāha : [m.] possession by a demon.

bhūtatta : [nt.] the fact of having become.

bhūtapati : [m.] lord of demons.

bhūtapubba : [adv.] formerly.

bhūtavādī : [adj.] truthful.

bhūtavijjā : [f.] exorcism.

bhūtavejja : [m.] an exorcist.

bhūtika : [adj.] composed of elements.

bhūma : [adj.] (in cpds.), having floors or stories.

bhūmaka : [adj.] (in cpds.), having floors or stories.

bhūmi : [f.] ground; earth; region; stage; plane.

bhūmikampā : [f.] an earthquake.

bhūmigata : [adj.] situated on the ground or stored away in the ground.

bhūmitala : [nt.] ground surface.

bhūmippadesa : [m.] a piece of land.

bhūmibhāga : [m.] a piece of land.

bhūmisenāpati : [m.] lord of country and army.

bhūri : [f.] wisdom. (adj.), extensive; abundant.

bhūripañña : [adj.] of extensive wisdom.

bhūrimedha : [adj.] of extensive wisdom.

bhūsana : [nt.] an ornament; decoration.

bhūsāpita : [pp. of bhūsāpeti] caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpeti : [caus. of bhūseti] causes to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpetvā : [abs. of bhūsāpeti] having caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsāpesi : [aor. of bhūsāpeti] caused to adorn or decorate.

bhūsita : [pp. of bhūseti] adorned; decorated; beautified.

bhūseti : [bhūs + e] adorns; decorates; beautifies.

bhūsetvā : [abs. of bhūseti] having adorned; having decorated; having beautified.

bhūsenta : [pr.p. of bhūseti] adorning; decorating; beautifying.

bhūsesi : [aor. of bhūseti] adorned; decorated; beautified.

bheka : [m.] a frog.

bhejja : [adj.] brittle; breakable. (nt.), breaking or cutting off.

bheṇḍivāla : [m.] a kind of missile.

bheṇḍu : [m.] a ball for playing; a ball-shaped top or cupola.

bheṇḍuka : [m.] a ball for playing; a ball-shaped top or cupola.

bhettu : [m.] one who breaks.

bheda : [m.] breach; disunion; dissension.

bhedaka : [adj.] one who breaks or causes disunion.

bhedakara : [adj.] bringing division or disunion.

bhedana : [nt.] breach; division; disunion.

bhedanaka : [adj.] fit to be broken.

bhedanadhamma : [adj.] perishable.

bhedita : [pp. of bhedeti] caused to break, divide or disunite.

bhedeti : [bhid + e] causes to break, divide or disunite.

bhedetvā : [abs. of bhedeti] having caused to break, divide or disunite.

bhedesi : [aor. of bhedeti] caused to break, divide or disunite.

bheraṇḍa : [m.] a jackal.

bheraṇḍaka : [nt.] the cry of a jackal.

bherava : [adj.] frightful.

bheri : [f.] a drum.

bhericāraṇa : [nt.] proclamation through sounding a drum.

bheritala : [nt.] the surface of a drum.

bherivādaka : [m.] a drummer.

bherivādana : [nt.] sounding of a drum.

bherisadda : [m.] sound of a drum.

bhesajja : [nt.] medicine.

bhesajjakapāla : [nt.] medicine bowl.

bhesajjamattā : [f.] a dose of medicine.

bho : [ind.] (a familiar term of address), my dear; friend.

bhoga : [m.] possession; wealth; enjoyment; the coil of a snake.

bhogakkhandha : [m.] a mass of wealth.

bhogamada : [m.] pride of wealth.

bhogavantu : [adj.] wealthy.

bhogahetu : [adv.] on account of wealth.

bhogāma : [m.] a tributary village.

bhogī : [m.] snake; a wealthy man. (adj.), (in cpds.), enjoying; partaking in.

bhogga : [adj.] fit to be enjoyed or possessed.

bhojaka : [m.] one who feeds; a collector of revenues.

bhojana : [nt.] food; meal.

bhojaniya : [adj.] fit to be eaten. (nt.), soft food.

bhojayamāna : [pr.p. of bhojeti] feeding.

bhojāpita : [pp. of bhojāpeti] fed or served at meal.

bhojāpeti : [bhuj + āpe] feeds or serves at meal.

bhojāpetvā : [abs. of bhojāpeti] having fed or served at meal.

bhojāpesi : [aor. of bhojāpeti] feed or served at meal.

bhojita : [pp. of bhojeti] fed.

bhojī : [adj.] feeding on.

bhojeti : [bhuj + e] feeds.

bhojetu : [inf. of bhojeti] to feed.

bhojetvā : [abs. of bhojeti] having fed.

bhojenta : [pr.p. of bhojeti] feeding.

bhojesi : [aor. of bhojeti] fed.

bhojja : [nt.] an edible thing. (adj.), fit to be eaten.

bhoti : [voc. sing.] Dear Madam.

bhottabba : see bhojja.

bhottu : [inf. of bhuñjati] to eat; to enjoy.

bhovādī : [m.] a Brahman.


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last updated: 05-05-2003