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Concise Pali-English Dictionary
A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera



  - J -

jagati : [f.] the earth; the world.

jagatippadesa : [m.] a spot on the earth.

jagatiruha : [m.] a tree.

jagiṃsanta : [pr.p. of] wishing to have.

jaggati : [jagg + a] watches over; nourishes; lies awake.

jaggana : [nt.] tending; bringing up; watchfulness. || jagganā (f.) tending; bringing up; watchfulness.

jaggi : [aor. of jaggati] watched over.

jaggitvā : [abs. of jaggati] having watched over.

jagghati : [jaggh + a] laughs; derides.

jagghanā : [f.] laughter.

jagghi : [aor. of jagghati] laughed; derided.

jagghita : [nt.] laughter.

jaghana : [nt.] the lion; the buttocks.

jaghi : [aor. of jagghati] laughed; derided.

jaṅgama : [adj.] movable.

jaṅgala : [nt.] jungle; a sandy and waterless place.

jaṅghapesanika : [nt.] carrying messages on foot; (m.), one who carries messages.

jaṅghamagga : [m.] foot-path.

jaṅghā : [f.] the lower leg; the calf of the leg.

jaṅghābala : [nt.] strength of the leg.

jaṅghāvihāra : [m.] a walk.

jaṅgheyya : [nt.] a knee-piece.

jacca : [adj.] (in cpds.), having such a birth. || jaccā = jātivā

jaccandha : [adj.] blind from birth.

jajjara : [adj.] feeble with age; old; vithered.

jajjarita : [pp. of jarati] weakened.

jañña : [adj.] pure; noble; charming; of good birth. || jaññā (3rd sing. pot. of ñā), to know.

jaṭādhara : [m.] an ascetic wearing matted hair.

jaṭita : [pp.] entangled; plaited.

jaṭiya : [m.] a kind of ascetics with matted hair.

jaṭila : [m.] a kind of ascetics with matted hair.

jaṭhara : [m.; nt.] the belly; the stomach.

jaṭharaggi : [(jhaṭhara + aggi) m.] gestation.

jaṇṇu : [nt.] the knee.

jaṇṇukā : [f.] the knee.

jaṇṇumatta : [adj.] knee-deep.

jatu : [nt.] the lac; sealing wax. || jātu (ind.) surely; undoubtedly.

jatukā : [f.] a bat.

jatumaṭṭhaka : [nt.] something encased with lac.

jattu : [nt.] the shoulder.

jana : [m.] a person; a man; the people.

janaka : [m.] a producer; father. (adj.), producing; generating. || jānaka (nt.) knowledge; recognition.

janakāya : [m.] a crowd of people.

janakāyatā : [f.] a gathering of people.

janatā : [f.] populace.

janana : [nt.] production; causing.

jananī : [f.] the mother.

janapada : [m.] a province; a country; country-side. || jānapada (adj.) belonging to the country; (m.) a rustic. plu. country-folk.

janapadakalyāṇī : [f.] the most beautiful girl in a country.

janapadacārikā : [f.] travelling in a country.

janasammadda : [m.] crowding of the people.

janādhipa : [m.] a king (of men).

janikā : [f.] the mother; genetrix.

janita : [pp. of janeti] generated; produced.

janinda : [m.] a king (of men).

janeti : [jan + e] generates; produces; gives birth.

janetu : [m.] producer; generator.

janettī : [f.] the mother.

janetvā : [abs. of janeti] having generated; having produced.

janenta : [pr.p. of janeti] generating; producing.

jantāghara : [nt.] a hot room for steam bath.

jantu : [m.] a creature; living being.

japa : [m.] muttering. || japā (f.) China-rose.

japati : [jap + a] utters; mumbles; recites.

japana : [nt.] mumbling; whispering.

japi : [aor. of japati] uttered; mumbled.

japita : [pp. of japati] uttered; mumbled.

japitvā : [abs. of japati] having uttered; having mumbled.

jappana : [nt.] mumbling; whispering. || jappanā (f.) greed; talk for gain.

jappā : [f.] greed; talk for gain.

jambāra : [m.] the orange tree; (nt.), orange.

jambālī : [f.] a dirty pool.

jambīra : [m.] the orange tree. (nt.) orange.

jambu : [f.] the rose-apple tree. || jambū (f.) the rose-apple tree.

jambuka : [m.] a jackal.

jambudīpa : [m.] the country of the rose-apples; i.e. lndia.

jambupakka : [nt.] the fruit of Eugenia Jambolana.

jambusaṇḍa : [m.] rose-apple grove.

jambonada : [nt.] a sort of gold coming from the Jambu river.

jambhati : [jabh + ṃ + a] yawns; arouses oneself.

jambhanā : [f.] yawning; arousing.

jambhi : [aor. of jambhati] yawned; aroused oneself.

jamma : [adj.] vulgar; contemptible.

jaya : [m.] victory; conquest. || jāyā (f.) wife.

jayaggaha : [m.] conquest; the lucky throw or lot. || jayaggāha (m.) conquest; the lucky throw or lot.

jayati : [ji + a] conquers; surpasses; defeats. || jāyati (jan + ya) is born; arises.

jayanta : [pr.p. of jayati] conquering; surpassing. || jāyanta (pr.p. of jāyati), arising.

jayapāna : [nt.] the drink of victory.

jayampati : [m.] the husband and wife.

jayasumana : [nt.] the red China-rose.

jayi : [aor. of jayati] conquered; surpassed. || jāyi (aor. of jāyati), arose.

jayitvā : [abs. of jayati] having conquered; having surpassed. || jāyitvā (abs. of jāyati), having arisen.

jara : [m.] fever. (adj.), old; decayed; decrepit. || jarā (f.) decay; old age. jāra (m.) a paramour.

jaraggava : [m.] an old bull.

jaratā : [f.] decay; old age.

jarasakka : [m.] the old sakka, (the deva-king).

jarājajjara : [adj.] feeble an decrepit with age.

jarājiṇṇa : [adj.] feeble an decrepit with age.

jarādukkha : [nt.] suffering through the old age.

jarādhamma : [adj.] subject to growing old or decaying.

jarābhaya : [nt.] fear of old age or decay.

jarūdapana : [nt.] decayed well.

jala : [nt.] water. || jaḷa (adj.) slow; stupid. (m.) a stupid person. jāla (nt.) a net; entanglement. jālā (f.) flame.

jalagocara : [adj.] living in the water; aquatic. (m.), a fish.

jalacara : [adj.] living in the water; aquatic. (m.), a fish.

jalaja : [adj.] born or sprung from the water. (nt.), a lotus.

jalati : [jal + a] shines; burns.

jalada : [m.] a rain-cloud.

jaladhara : [m.] a rain-cloud. || jalādhāra (jala + adhāra) m. deposit of water; reservoir.

jaladhi : [m.] the ocean.

jalana : [nt.] shining; burning.

jalaniggama : [m.] an outlet for water; a drain.

jalanidhi : [m.] the ocean.

jalanta : [pr.p. of jalati] shining; burning; blazing.

jalamānā : [pr.p. of jalati] shining; burning.

jalābu : [m.] the placenta.

jalābuja : [adj.] born in a placenta; viviparous.

jalālaya : [m.] a lake; an artificial tank.

jalāsaya : [(jala + asaya), m.] a lake; an artificial tank.

jali : [aor. of jalati] shone; burnt.

jalitvā : [abs. of jalati] having shone; having burnt.

jalūkā : [f.] a leech.

jalla : [nt.] wet-dirt.

jallikā : [f.] dirt (on the body); decayed outer bark of the tree.

java : [m.] speed; strength.

javati : [ju + a] runs; hastens; hurries.

javana : [nt.] impulse; alacrity; swift understanding; running. (adj.), swift.

javanapaññā : [adj.] having swift understanding.

javanikā : [f.] a screen; curtain.

javamānā : [pr.p. of javati] running; hurrying.

javi : [aor. of javati] ran; hastened; hurried.

javita : [pp. of javati] run; hastened; hurried.

javitvā : [abs. of javati] having run; having hurried.

jaha : [adj.] (in cpds.), leaving behind; giving up.

jahati : [hā + a; hā is duplicated and the first hā is changed to ja] leaves; abandons; gives up; forsakes. || jahāti = jahati.

jahanta : [pr.p. of jahati] leaving; abandoning.

jahāra : [v.] (he) has left.

jahi : [aor. of jahati] left; abandoned.

jahita : [pp. of jahati] left; abandoned.

jahitabbā : [pt.p. of jahati] should be left.

jahitvā : [abs. of jahati] having left; having abandoned.

jāgara : [adj.] awake; vigilant; watchful.

jāgaraṇa : [nt.] keeping awake.

jāgarati : [jāgar + a] to be awake or watchful.

jāgaranta : [pr.p. of jāgarati] awaking.

jāgari : [aor. of jāgarati] awoke.

jāgarijāṇuyoga : [m.] vigilance; practice of watchfulness.

jāgarita : [nt.] wakeful state.

jāgariya : [nt.] vigil; waking.

jāgariyānuyoga : [m.] vigilance; practice of watchfulness.

jāṇu : [m.] the knee.

jāṇumaṇḍala : [nt.] the knee-cap.

jāṇumatta : [adj.] knee-deep.

jāta : [pp. of jāyati] born; arisen; become; occurred; happened. (nt.), a collection or variety. || jaṭa (nt.) the handle (of a knife, etc.). jaṭā (f.) tangle; planting; matted hair.

jātaka : [nt.] a birth story. (adj.), born; arisen.

jātakabhāṇaka : [m.] a speaker of the Jātakas.

jātatta : [nt.] the fact of being born.

jātadivasa : [m.] birth-day.

jātarūpa : [nt.] gold.

jātaveda : [m.] fire.

jātassara : [m.; nt.] a natural lake.

jāti : [f.] birth; rebirth; race; nation; genealogy; a sort of; a kind of.

jātika : [adj.] descended from; belonging to the class, clan, or nation of.

jātikosa : [m.] mace (of nutmeg).

jātikkhaya : [m.] destruction of the chance of being reborn.

jātikkhetta : [nt.] birth-place; the realm of rebirth.

jātitthaddha : [adj.] proud of (one's own), birth.

jātidhamma : [adj.] subject to rebirth.

jātinirodha : [m.] extermination of rebirth.

jātiphala : [nt.] nutmeg.

jātimantu : [adj.] of good birth; having genuine qualities.

jātivāda : [m.] discussion about the parentage.

jātisaṃsāra : [m.] circle of rebirths.

jātisampanna : [adj.] of good birth or a noble family.

jātisambhava : [m.] liability for birth.

jātisumanā : [f.] jasmine.

jātissara : [adj.] remembering former births.

jātihiṅgulaka : [nt.] natural vermilion.

jānanaka : [adj.] knowing.

jānanīya : [adj.] what should be known.

jānanta : [pr.p. of jānāti] knowing.

jānapadika : [adj.] belonging to the country; (m.), a rustic. plu. country-folk.

jānamānā : [pr.p. of jānāti] knowing.

jānāti : [ñā + nā] knows; finds out; to be aware.

jānāpita : [pp. of jānāpeti] caused to make known; caused to inform.

jānāpeti : [caus. of jānāti] causes to make known; causes to inform; causes to reveal oneself.

jānāpetvā : [abs. of jānāpeti] having caused to make known; having caused to inform.

jānāpesi : [aor. of jānāpeti] caused to make known; caused to inform.

jāni : [f.] loss; deprivation; the wife. (aor. of jānāti), knew; found out.

jānitu : [inf. of jānāti] to know; to found out.

jānitvā : [abs. of jānāti] having known; having found out.

jānipati : [m.] the wife and husband.

jāmātu : [m.] son-in-law.

jāyattana : [nt.] the state of a wife.

jāyana : [nt.] birth; arising.

jāyamāna : [pr.p. of jāyati] arising.

jāyāpati : [m.] wife and husband.

jārattana : [nt.] the state of a paramour.

jārī : [f.] an adultress.

jālaka : [m.] a bud; a small net.

jālakkhika : [nt.] a mesh of a net.

jālapūva : [m.] pancake.

jālayamāna : [pr.p. of jāleti] kindling; lighting.

jālākula : [adj.] surrounded by flames.

jālika : [m.] a fisherman who uses a net. || jālikā (f.) an armour made of chain.

jālita : [pp. of jāleti] kindled; lighted. (pp. of jalati), shone; burnt.

jālinī : [f.] lust; desire; craving.

jāleti : [jal + e] kindles; lights; causes to burn.

jāletvā : [abs. of jāleti] having kindled; having lighted.

jālenta : [pr.p. of jāleti] kindling; lighting.

jālesi : [aor. of jāleti] kindled; lighted.

jigiṃsaka : [adj.] desirous of.

jigiṃsati : [har + sa. har becomes giṃ; it is doubled and the former gin becomes ji] desires.

jigiṃsanā : [f.] covetousness; desire for.

jigiṃsamāna : [pr.p. of jigiṃsati] desiring.

jigiṃsā : [f.] covetousness; desire for.

jigiṃsi : [aor. of jigiṃsati] desired.

jigiṃsita : [pp. of jigiṃsati] desired.

jigucchaka : [adj.] one who disapproves of or dislikes.

jigucchati : [gup + cha; gu is doubled and the first gu becomes ji] shuns; loathes; is disgusted at.

jigucchana : [nt.] disgust for; dislike; detestation. || jigucchanā (f.) disgust for; dislike; detestation.

jigucchanta : [pr.p. of jigucchati] shunning.

jigucchamāna : [pr.p. of jigucchati] shunning.

jigucchā : [f.] disgust for; dislike; detestation.

jigucchi : [aor. of jigucchati] shunned; loathed.

jigucchita : [pp. of jigucchati] shunned; loathed.

jigucchitvā : [abs. of jigucchati] having shunned; having loathed.

jigucchiya : [abs. of jigucchati] having shunned; having loathed.

jighacchati : [ghas + cha; g is doubled and the first g is changed to ji. the s of the root becomes c.] is hungry; desires to eat.

jighacchā : [f.] hunger.

jighacchi : [aor. of jighacchati] had a desire to eat.

jighacchita : [pp. of jighacchati] had a desire to eat.

jiñjuka : [m.] wild liquorice.

jiṇṇa : [pp. of jirati] became old; decayed.

jiṇṇaka : [m.] an old person.

jiṇṇatā : [f.] decrepitude.

jita : [pp. of jināti] conquered; subdued; (nt.), victory.

jitatta : [jita + atta] one who has subdued the mind.

jitta : [nt.] mastery.

jitvā : [abs. of jināti] having conquered; having subdued.

jina : [m.] the conqueror; the victor; the Buddha. || jīna (pp. of jīyati), become old; decayed. (adj.) diminished; wasted; deprived of.

jinacakka : [nt.] the doctrine of the Buddha.

jinanta : [pr.p. of jināti] conquring; subdueing.

jinaputta : [m.] a disciple of the Buddha.

jinasāsana : [nt.] the Buddha's teaching.

jināti : [ji + nā] conquers; subdues. || vijināti = jināti.

jini : [aor. of jināti] conquered; subdued.

jinitvā : [abs. of jināti] having conquered; having subdued.

jimha : [adj.] crooked; slant; dishonest.

jimhatā : [f.] crookedness; dishonesty.

jiyā : [f.] a bow string.

jirati : [jir + a] becomes old; decays.

jivhagga : [(jivhā + agga) nt.] the tip of the tongue.

jivhā : [f.] the tongue.

jivhāyatana : [(jivhā + āyatana) nt.] the organ of taste.

jivhāviññāṇa : [nt] the cognition of taste.

jivhindriya : [(jivhā + indriya) nt.] the sense of taste.

jīmūta : [m.] rain-cloud.

jīyati : [ji + ya] becomes diminished; loses; becomes old; decays.

jīyamāna : [pr.p. of jīyati] becoming old.

jīyi : [aor. of jīyati] became diminished; decayed.

jīraka : [nt.] cummin seed.

jīraṇa : [nt.] decaying; getting old; digestion.

jīramāna : [pr.p. of jirati] becoming old; decayed.

jīrāpita : [pp. of jīrāpeti] caused to decay or digest.

jīrāpeti : [caus. of jīrati] causes to decay or digest.

jīrāpenta : [pr.p. of jīrāpeti] causing to decay or digest.

jīrāpesi : [aor. of jīrāpeti] caused to decay or digest.

jīri : [aor. of jirati] became old; decayed.

jīreti : [caus. of jīrati] causes to decay or digest.

jīresi : [aor. of jīreti] caused to decay or digest.

jīva : [m.] the life.

jīvaka : [m.] one who lives; a personal name.

jīvagāha : [m.] catching alive.

jīvati : [jiv + a] lives; subsists on.

jīvadanta : [m.] the tusk of a living animal.

jīvana : [nt.] living; means of subsistence; livelihood.

jīvanta : [pr.p. of jīvati] living; subsisting on.

jīvamāna : [pr.p. of jīvati] living; subsisting on.

jīvi : [aor. of jīvati] lived; subsisted on. || jīvī (m.) one who lives. (in cpds.) leading a life of.

jīvikaṃ kappeti : gets one's living.

jīvikā : [f.] livelihood.

jīvita : [nt.] life; span of life.

jīvitakkhaya : [m.] the dissolution of life; death.

jīvitadāna : [nt.] saving of life.

jīvitapariyosāna : [nt.] the end of life.

jīvitamada : [m.] the pride of life.

jīvitavutti : [f.] livelihood.

jīvitasaṃsaya : [m.] danger of life.

jīvitasaṅkhaya : [m.] the solution for life.

jīvitāsā : [(jīvita + āsa) f.] desire of life.

jīvitindriya : [(jīvita + indriya), nt.] the faculty of life; vitality.

jīvitvā : [abs. of jīvati] having lived.

juṇha : [adj.] bright. || juṇhā (f.) moonlight; a moonlit night.

juṇhapakkha : [m.] the bright half of the month.

juti : [f.] effulgence; brightness.

jutika : [adj.] having brightness.

jutindhara : [adj.] resplendent; brilliant.

jutimantu : [adj.] brilliant.

juhati : [hu + a; hu is doubled and the first h becomes j] pours into fire; dedicates.

juhana : [nt.] a sacrifice; an offering.

juhi : [aor. of juhati] poured into fire; dedicated.

jūta : [nt.] gambling.

jūtakāra : [m.] a gambler.

je : a particle used to address a slave woman or a woman of low grade.

jeguccha : [adj.] contemptible; loathsome.

jegucchī : [m.] one who detests or avoids.

jejassī : [m.] brilliant.

jeṭṭha : [adj.] elder; supreme; foremost.

jeṭṭhaka : [adj.] chief; fore-most.

jeṭṭhatara : [adj.] more old or superior.

jeṭṭhabhaginī : [f.] the elder sister.

jeṭṭhabhātika : [m.] the elder brother.

jeṭṭhabhātu : [m.] the elder brother.

jeṭṭhamāsa : [m.] name of a month, May-June.

jeṭṭhāpacāyana : [nt.] respect to the elders.

jeṭṭhāpacāyī : [m.] paying respect for the elders.

jetabba : [pt.p. of jeti] fit to be conquered.

jeti : [ji + e] conquers; subdues.

jetvā : [abs. of jeti] having conquered; having subdued.

jenta : [pr.p. of jeti] conquering.

jeyya : [pt.p. of jeti] should be conquered.

jesi : [aor. of jeti] conquered; subdued.

jessati : [v.] he will defeat.

jotaka : [adj.] illuminating; one who makes clear.

jotati : [jut + a] shines; becomes bright.

jotana : [nt.] shining; explanation. || jotanā (f.) shining; explanation.

jotanta : [pr.p. of jotati] shining; becoming bright.

jotayamānā : [pr.p. of joteti] illuminating; making clear.

joti : [f.] light; radiance. (nt.), a star. (m.), fire. (aor. of jotati), shone; became bright.

jotita : [pp. of joteti] illuminated; made clear.

jotipāsāṇa : [m.] a crystal generating heat.

jotisattha : [nt.] astronomy.

joteti : [caus. of jotati] causes to illuminate; causes to make clear; causes to explain.

jotetu : [inf. of joteti] to illuminate; to make clear; to explain.

jotetvā : [abs. of joteti] having caused to illuminate; having caused to make clear.

jotenta : [pr.p. of joteti] causing to illuminate; causing to make clear.

jotesi : [aor. of joteti] caused to illuminate; caused to make clear.

- Jh -

jhatvā : [abs.] having burnt. || jhatvā = jhāpetvā.

jhasa : [m.] a fish.

jhāna : [nt.] concentration of mind; meditation (on a religious subject).

jhānaṅga : [nt.] a constituent of meditation.

jhānarata : [adj.] fond of meditation.

jhānavimokkha : [m.] emancipation through jhāna.

jhānika : [adj.] 1. one who has attained a jhāna. 2. belonging to a jhāna.

jhāpaka : [m.] one who sets fire to.

jhāpana : [nt.] setting fire to.

jhāpita : [pp. of jhāpeti] was burnt; set fire to.

jhāpiya : [abs. of jhāpeti] having burnt; having set fire to.

jhāpīyati : [pass. of jhāpati] is burnt.

jhāpeti : [caus. of jhāyati] caused to burn; causes to set fire to.

jhāpetvā : [abs. of jhāpeti] having burnt; having set fire to.

jhāpenta : [pr.p. of jhāpeti] causing to burn; causing to set fire to.

jhāpesi : [aor. of jhāpeti] caused to burn; caused to set fire to.

jhāma : [adj.] burnt; charred.

jhāmaka : [adj.] burnt.

jhāyaka : [m.] one who meditates.

jhāyati : [jhā + ya] burns; to be on fire. || jhāyati (jhe + a), meditates or contemplates.

jhāyana : [nt.] 1. burning; 2. meditation.

jhāyanta : [pr.p. of jhāyati] meditating or contemplating.

jhāyi : [aor. of jhāyati] meditated or contemplated. || jhāyī (m.) one who meditates.

jhāyitvā : [abs. of jhāyati] having meditated or contemplated.


A Ā I, Ī U, Ū E O K, Kh G,Gh C, Ch
J, Jh Ñ T, Th D, Dh N P Ph
B, Bh M Y R L V S H Pali-Viet

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last updated: 05-05-2003